Nodding Onion Gardens

Native Plant Nursery

Where Wildflowers Grow

Columbia Station, Ohio, USA


Echinacea purpurea - Purple Coneflower

Ohio Native Plant - Natural Range

Echinacea purpurea

Visit the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service website to view the natural range of Purple Coneflower.

Native Plant of the Year - 
LEAP (Lake Erie Allegheny Partnership for Biodiversity) Native Plant of the Year 2017
skipper butterfly perched on a Purple Coneflower
Skipper on a Purple Coneflower

Wildlife Significance

Echinacea purpurea

Nectar Source -  For wasps, butterflies: Swallowtail, Viceroy, Monarchs, sulfurs, grass skippers, fritillaries numerous bees including bumble bees, sweat bee and sunflower leafcutter bees. flies, and beetles

Pollen Source: Bees, flies and beetles

Host plant  - For the Pearl Crescent butterfly,  various checkerspots as well as 12 other butterflies.

Oligolectic Bees - are bees that are very particular as to what plant family they gather their nectar and pollen. Purple Coneflower is such a plant for the Andrena helianthiformis.Andrea - Mining Bees

For detailed information visit the Illinois Wildflower site

a bee on a pale purple coneflower
A bee enjoying Beth's Purple Coneflowers
Close up of two bees on top of a Coneflower
Two bees on Purple Coneflower - Jim Wohl
Small brown butterfly with black dots resting on a bright Purple Coneflower
Spangled Fritillary on Purple Coneflower - Paula & Ken Kober

Cultivation Information - Purple Coneflower

Pronounced - eck-in-AY-see-ah

Sun -
Full sun, part sun
Height - 2 - 3 ft
Flower Color - Purple
- July - September
Hardy Zone - 4 to 9
Soil - Well drained

- Asteraceae
Purple Coneflowers that seem to go on forever
A field of Echinacea purpurea
Monarch Butterfly resting on at tattered Purple Coneflower
A Monarch Butterfly feasting on the nectar of Purple Coneflower

Propagation Notes - Purple Coneflower

Storage - Moist Cold - 
60 days - Small Zip lock plastic bag with a few table spoons of  moistened vermiculite

Seeds Planted -

Sprouted -
2-18-2012 - Many

Night Temperature -
61 - 63°F

Day Temperature -
64 - 65°F - Under florescent lights

Natural light - 3-4-12 
- Few hours each day of exposure to sun light

Seed Provenance -

Nodding Onion Gardens - 2012 - present - Prairie Moon Nursery, Winona, MN - 2011