Nodding Onion Gardens

Native Plant Nursery

Where Wildflowers Grow

Columbia Station, Ohio, USA


Monarda fistulosa - Wild Bergamot  

Ohio Native Plant - Natural Range

Monarda fistulosa

Visit the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service website to view the natural of Wild Bergamot.
Wild Bergamot
Wild Bergamot - Roger Dahlin

Wildlife Significance

Nectar Source - For hummingbirds, butterflies/moths and skippers. Including Hermit sphinx, Fritillaries, Painted Lady, Cabbage White, Milberts's Tortoise Shell, Mourning Cloak, Eastern Swallowtail, Spring Azure, Great Spangled Fritillary, Red Admiral and bumble bees.

Oligolectic  Bees - Are bees that are very particular as to which plant family they gather their nectar and pollen; so is the case with the small sweat bee - Dufourea monardae and the Monarda fisulosa.

Host Plant - Hermit sphinx (moth) caterpillar

Deer - Are not fond of this plant

For more details on this plant visit the Illinois Wildflower site

Wild bergamot
Wild Bergamot near our vegetable garden
Propagation Notes - Stratifying Seeds For 2013

December  15, 2012
- Seeds placed in Cold Moist Storage  

Fall 2012 - Seeds Collected at Nodding Onion Gardens

Supplies Needed For Seed Stratification -

1. Zip lock plastic bag

2. Few table spoons of Vermiculite

3. Dampen vermiculite - not soggy

4. Store in refrigerator for 6o days

Wild Bergamot - Nodding Onion Gardens
Even late into the fall these fellows were locating dinner
Seed Provenance - Prairie Moon Nursery 2011 - NOG 2012 to present
Wild Bergamot - Monarda fistulosa
Wild Bergamot - Monarda fistulosa

Cultivation Information

Height - 3 to 4 ft
Flower Color - Violet
Blooms - July - September
Sun - Full to filtered

Hardy Zone - 3 to 9
Soil - Moist  and fertile
pH - 5.0 to 6.5

Family - Lamiaceae - Mint Family

Needs good circulation - plant 16 inches apart
Monarda fistulosa
 Wild Bergamot planted next to our zucchini plants; bees loved this plant as did the zucchini. We enjoyed fried, baked broiled, pickled zucchini long into October.

homemade raspberry jam. The berries grew well next to wildflowers

Adding Native Plants to your yard/garden not only provides nourishment for native pollinators; we benefit as well. Native pollinators attract native insect predators whose responsibility it is to devour critters that are attacking our plants.  These predators don’t discriminate if their dinner is on a zucchini plant or a lovely zinnia.